Sarlat, Lascaux and More in the Dordogne, Episode 46

Beynac Village Castle and River
Beynac Village and Castle

Sarlat, Lascaux and More in the Dordogne, Episode 46

In this episode we take you to the Dordogne area for the first time. The Dordogne in South Western France is a visitor’s dream come true: within a few dozen miles you’ll see Sarlat, Lascaux (cave paintings!), the Medieval Castle of Beynac, the castle of Castelnaud with its great children’s activities, the UNESCO World Heritage valley of the V茅z猫re with its fifteen pre-historical sites, and the Cro-Magnon village of Les Eyzies. So much to do in this area, we probably didn’t bring them all up. Please add your must-see in the Dordogne the comments after the fold.




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Your Visit to Sarlat, Lascaux II, Beynac, and Les Eyzies

This is the area we’re talking about in this episode. You can stay in Sarlat and visit them all within two or three days, depending if you can stand to rush it or not. Castelnaud, Beynac and Lascaux are not to be missed for families with children.

Map of Sarlat Lascaux Castelnaud Beynac Les Eyzies

SARLAT – A Lovely  Renaissance Town in the Dordogne area

H么tel de Gisson in Sarlat

Sarlat is a small town of about 10 000 people, in the department called the Dordogne in the eastern part of the ancient region of Aquitaine. It is the center of an area designated since the Middle Ages as the P茅rigord Noir.
The name, P茅rigord comes from the name of the ancient tribe, the Gaul tribe of the P茅trocores. The name eventually evolved into P茅rigord. The forests there are so dense, and made up of live-oak and walnut trees, so that from a distance the hills look black (noir). The territory is in the southeast part of the region called the Dordogne, named after the major river that flows through it. It is a region of rolling hills, small rivers, and some limestone plateaus which are filled with caves and outcroppings.

Sarlat, Dordogne, France
Sarlat

For the last 50 years, the area, a rural and at one time poor area, has become extremely prosperous and popular for vacationers and people who want a second home, particularly, for the English. Because it is an area filled with old historic buildings and small lovely villages, the town of Sarlat has become the economic hub of all the activity in the region.

Church in Sarlat
Church in Sarlat

Situated in a region northwest of Toulouse, it is about 90 away from Bordeaux on a local whistle-stop train, or about 40 away from the main train line going from Paris to Toulouse, at the stop called Souillac, where there is a bus line. For the most part, it is a town and an area best visited by car.

Sarlat la Caneda
Sarlat la Caneda

History

Sarlat itself is a famous town for the beauty of its architecture, mostly from the Renaissance or just before 鈥 that is from the late 1400’s, 1500’s, and early 1600’s. The entire old city center is a preserved historic area and it is very well-kept. There are beautiful buildings made of the creamy yellow limestone specific to the region 鈥 with the flat tiled roofs on a steep pitch, made in a dark red 鈥 brown color, there is an allure to the old Sarlat that has made it one of the most famous and most photographed of the magnificent Medieval towns in southern France.

Mairie of Sarlat
Mairie of Sarlat

Built, at first, as a monastery in the beginning of the early Middle Ages, probably in the 500’s, as a Benedictine abbey, and a major pilgrimage stop, it developed as a center of trade for the local tradespeople, and became a wealthy center of Fairs and of commerce. Between the year 1000 and the 1300’s it was famous for its prosperity and its beautiful houses as well as for the Abbey Caught in the middle of the 100 Years War between the English and the French, it was finally 鈥渓iberated鈥 from English rule in the 1450’s, it becomes a center of Humanistic thinking and Renaissance ideas. In the Middle Ages it is already a small city of between 5 and 6 000 people.
Caught up again by the war of Religions in the 1500’s, it is taken by the Protestant troops and then re-taken by the King’s troops and from then on, is a bastion of Catholicism in the area.
Known forever for the beauty of its residences and the quality of the trade, it is left mostly untouched by time.

Dark Alley in Sarlat
Dark Alley in Sarlat

Its modern 鈥淩enaissance鈥 is due to the interest that outsiders develop for the Dordogne area and for the magnificent houses that attest to its rich past. Now, almost all the houses are renovated and occupied, either by local full-time residents, part-time residents, or people who rent out the apartments and houses to tourists. The most famous example of a Sarlat Renaissance structure is the Maison de la Bo茅tie, which now houses the Tourist Office.

Street in Sarlat
Street in Sarlat

A Visit to Sarlat

You can spend hours walking up and down the lovely cobble stoned streets, looking at the houses, going into the courtyards,, visiting the church, and going in and out of the many shops. On Saturday, Sarlat is home to one of the most important and famous outdoor Markets in the whole of Dordogne and the P茅rigord. This market which covers all the main old streets from the big open square to the cathedral and beyond, is famous for its foodstuffs that are produced in Dordogne. Among the most important of the items are the black truffles (worth a fortune) the foie gras and all things made from ducks, the walnuts and walnut oil, the strawberries (there are two seasons there) and the cheeses. People come from very far away to the Saturday market for these wares. On another street, that separates the old quarter from the newer one, is a large outdoor crafts and goods market too. During the springtime and the early Fall the market is filled with crowds coming to fill their baskets and have a nice coffee or lunch in Sarlat.

Sarlat Saint Sardos
Sarlat Saint Sardos

La Roque Gagneac, Beynac, Montignac, Les Eyzies

Using the town of Sarlat as a base 鈥 you can easily spend two or three days visiting things in the department.

c猫pes in French and Boletus in English
It’s “c猫pes” in French and Boletus in English

One nice day’s outing would be to go to the villages of La Roque Gagneac along the Dordogne river, explore the town and take one of the old flat-bottomed boats for a ride out on the river. It is possible then to visit two of the most impressive of Medieval Fortified castles in the southwest of France, the castles of Beynac, with its small town down below, or, on the other side of the Dordogne river, the castle of Castelnaud, which has a museum of the history of Medieval warfare and armor (great for kids).

Beynac Castle and Town
Beynac Castle and Town

There is also the town of Domme, a bastide surrounded by its stone portals and walls with lovely little streets and gardens.
Another full day excursion out of Sarlat is based on all the Prehistoric sites that are so important in the area. The town of Montignac, is famous for being the home of the four young men who discovered the cave of Lascaux, the most famous of all the caves with prehistoric drawings and designs. Now there is a Lascaux II available for visits, faithfully reproducing the original cave, no longer open to the public. There is also the town of Les Eyzies, home to the Prehistory Museum, and two other sites, the outcropping called Cheval Blanc, and the caves of Font de Gaume. All the caves are visitable stricly by reservation (and they all have english speaking tours twice a day in high season).

Les Eyzies
Les Eyzies

All along the V茅z猫re river, the tributary of the Dordogne, there are lovely castles, small charming villages, and prehistoric sites to visit. This is also a gourmet area, with lots of good small restaurants, and the local products are to be had everywhere.

Gariguettes Strawberries
Gariguettes Strawberries

The town of Sarlat and the local region are wonderful for exploring, enjoying the foods and the magnificent architecture as well as the castles, forests, and caves that are all around. It is not for nothing that this is a very  popular area for tourists and it is a region that has good weather almost all year long. Starting and ending in Sarlat, and making sure to not miss the fabulous Saturday  market, you will spend time in a lovely, relatively serene area, the Perigord Noir and the Dordogne.

Caves of Lascaux II
Caves of Lascaux II

3 thoughts on “Sarlat, Lascaux and More in the Dordogne, Episode 46”

  1. I loved your podcast about the Dordogne! We are going next September for our second visit there. Our first was in 2002.
    I hope not too much has changed, as our memories of the area are so wonderful. We were fortunate enough to reserve an apartment right in the center of Sarlat for four nights , making sure to be there on a Saturday for the market.
    Any chance you may do another show about the nearby area around Rocomodour .
    Keep up he great work and have wonderful Christmas!
    Robin

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